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Can You Guess Which President Said [X] First?

A politico-linguistic challenge.

Posted on January 20, 2015, at 1:44 p.m. ET

Larry Downing / Reuters

Every year, the State of the Union contains new language — words or phrases that have never appeared in a State of the Union before. In 1993, for example, Bill Clinton introduced "gridlock" into the SOTU canon; in 2013, Barack Obama added "brinksmanship." Can you match the words and phrases below to the presidents who said (or wrote) them first?

Fine print: We're counting everything in the American Presidency Project's "State of the Union Addresses and Messages" archive, even though a handful are "technically not considered to be 'State of the Union' addresses."

  1. 1. "millionaire(s)"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    "Our great clusters of corporations, huge trusts and fabulously wealthy multi-millionaires, employ the very best lawyers they can obtain to pick flaws in these statutes after their passage; [...]"

  2. 2. "billionaire(s)"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    "Now, you can call this class warfare all you want. But asking a billionaire to pay at least as much as his secretary in taxes? Most Americans would call that common sense."

  3. 3. "Iran"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    "In the Middle East political tensions and the oil controversy in Iran are keeping the region in a turmoil."

  4. 4. "Iraq"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    "In the last year, the free world has seen major gains for the system of collective security: [...] and the formation in the Middle East of the Baghdad Pact among Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan and the United Kingdom."

  5. 5. "Afghanistan"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    "Recently Iran scored the largest opium seizure on record — over 12 tons taken from smugglers along the Afghanistan border."

  6. 6. "Canada"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    "As soon, however, as the Governor-General of Canada could be addressed with propriety on the subject, arrangements were cordially and promptly concluded [...]"

  7. 7. "evil"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    "Our fisheries and the transportation of our own produce offer us abundant means for guarding ourselves against this evil."

  8. 8. "terrorism"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    " And this means reducing the terrorism and the armed attacks which kidnaped and killed 26,900 civilians in the last 32 months, to levels where they can be successfully controlled by the regular South Vietnamese security forces."

  9. 9. "terrorist(s)"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    "The Sandinista dictatorship of Nicaragua, with full Cuban-Soviet bloc support, not only persecutes its people, the church, and denies a free press, but arms and provides bases for Communist terrorists attacking neighboring states."

  10. 10. "bin Laden"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    "Terrorists like bin Laden are serious about mass murder, and all of us must take their declared intentions seriously."

  11. 11. "telegraph"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    "I have favored the project for connecting the United States with Europe by an Atlantic telegraph [...]"

  12. 12. "telephone"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    "Rural free delivery, taken in connection with the telephone, the bicycle, and the trolley, accomplishes much toward lessening the isolation of farm life and making it brighter and more attractive."

  13. 13. "typewriter"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    "The New Covenant approach to governing is as different from the old bureaucratic way as the computer is from the manual typewriter."

  14. 14. "computer(s)"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    "The daily life of the average man has also been improved by much of our defense and space research--for example, by work on radar, jet engines, nuclear reactors, communications and weather satellites, and computers."

  15. 15. "the sun"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    "No cares, no attentions, can preserve vessels from rapid decay which lie in water and exposed to the sun."

  16. 16. "the moon"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    "The near future will hold such wonders as the orbital flight of an astronaut, the landing of instruments on the moon, the launching of the powerful giant Saturn rocket vehicles, and the reconnaissance of Mars and Venus by unmanned vehicles."

  17. 17. "inflation"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    "It is made to rest on an actual specie basis in order to redeem the notes at the places of issue, produces no dangerous redundancy of circulation, affords no temptation to speculation, is attended by no inflation of prices, [...]"

  18. 18. "unemployment"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    "There is a point at which in peace times high rates of income and profits taxes discourage energy, remove the incentive to new enterprises, encourage extravagant expenditures and produce industrial stagnation with consequent unemployment and other attendant evils."

  19. 19. "poverty"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    "In short, commerce has made this country what it is, and it can not be destroyed or neglected without involving the people in poverty and distress."

  20. 20. "racism"

    Correct! 
    Wrong! 

    "We've gained new trust with the developing world through our opposition to racism, our commitment to human rights, and our support for majority rule in Africa."

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