BELBEK AIR FORCE BASE, Ukraine — Russia's psychological war over the Crimean peninsula has taken many turns in the days since its unmarked forces surrounded the airports and military bases here, from naval blockades and ultimatums for surrender to threats of war from Russian President Vladimir Putin himself.
But the front lines are the standoffs that have become a regular feature at besieged bases around Crimea — in which out-gunned Ukrainian soldiers stare down the Russian forces who hope to intimidate them into leaving so they can win Crimea without firing a shot.
On Tuesday morning, one commander decided to turn the tables on the Russians and fight back.
Col. Yuli Mamchur, 42, heads the 204th tactical aviation brigade at the Belbek air force base near the Crimean port city of Sevastopol, which has been overrun by Russian troops bearing automatic weapons and sniper rifles.
At around 8 a.m., Mamchur gathered his men from their barracks and marched them back into the base. The idea was to take a stand — and maybe this time to make the Russians back down. Mamchur's men weren't armed.
Then the two sides reached a tenuous truce: Mamchur's men would stay while he and a counterpart for the Russians negotiated. They set the deadline for an agreement for 12 p.m.
Here's what happened next.
Thirty minutes from the deadline, the sprawling base was mostly quiet, with just a few scattered Ukrainian troops manning their posts.
About 200 of Mamchur’s men waited in a field by the base, anxious over what might come next. They were surrounded by Russian troops armed with automatic weapons one one side, and sniper rifles on the other.
Some 50 yards away, Russian snipers could be seen keeping a careful eye on the Ukrainians, their helmets just visible above a drop in the ground.
The deadline passed at 12 p.m., and one Ukrainian soldier marked it by raising a Ukrainian flag. Meanwhile, some began to see Mamchur as a symbol of resistance.
"I am just a military soldier who is trying to fulfill my duty," Mamchur told BuzzFeed. He said his orders from Ukrainian high command had been, simply, "to act according to the situation on the ground."
He said he'd chosen nonviolent resistance against the Russians because "I don't have any other option." Asked if he expected bloodshed, he replied: "Hope dies last."