Skip To Content
BuzzFeed News Home Reporting To You

Utilizamos cookies, próprios e de terceiros, que o reconhecem e identificam como um usuário único, para garantir a melhor experiência de navegação, personalizar conteúdo e anúncios, e melhorar o desempenho do nosso site e serviços. Esses Cookies nos permitem coletar alguns dados pessoais sobre você, como sua ID exclusiva atribuída ao seu dispositivo, endereço de IP, tipo de dispositivo e navegador, conteúdos visualizados ou outras ações realizadas usando nossos serviços, país e idioma selecionados, entre outros. Para saber mais sobre nossa política de cookies, acesse link.

Caso não concorde com o uso cookies dessa forma, você deverá ajustar as configurações de seu navegador ou deixar de acessar o nosso site e serviços. Ao continuar com a navegação em nosso site, você aceita o uso de cookies.

Mars May Have Once Had More Water Than The Arctic Ocean, NASA Says

But where did all that liquid go?

Posted on March 5, 2015, at 7:56 p.m. ET

Behold: what Mars may have looked like billions of years ago, according to NASA scientists.

NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center / Via nasa.gov

There has been evidence that Mars had a rich topography of precipitation, but new research suggests that the Red Planet may have had even more water than our very own Arctic Ocean.

Scientists estimate that about 4.5 billion years ago, Mars had enough water to cover its whole surface, a new study published in Science magazine suggests.

Based on Mars' face today, the prime locale for the ancient ocean is the depressed land of its Northern Plains, where it would have covered 20% of the planet.

NASA Goddard / Via youtube.com

Over the span of about six years, NASA researchers used three massive telescopes in Chile and Hawaii to compare ratios of water molecules in Mars' thin atmosphere throughout its seasons.

There's H2O, as you may be well-acquainted with, which has two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. Then there's HDO, which naturally occurs when a hydrogen atom is replaced with a heavier isotope called deuterium.

Because of its weight, deuterated water acts differently than normal water. As Space.com explains, the hydrogen from H2O can vaporize and take off from Mars more easily, while the deuterium stays behind.

NASA Goddard / Via youtube.com

Mars' polar ice caps were found to have so much deuterium, researchers now suspect it lost a lot of water — which could indicate the planet was wetter and habitable for a longer time than previously thought, Michael Mumma, one of the paper's authors, told NASA in a release.

So where did all that water go? Scientists speculate that as Mars' atmosphere depreciated over billions of years, it lost the heat and pressure required to keep water in its liquid form. The ocean steadily receded and condensed, and only about 13% of it remains in the ice caps, which are still visible today.

NASA Goddard / Via youtube.com

Learn more about the ancient ocean in NASA's video.

View this video on YouTube

youtube.com

Want to see more stories like this? Become a BuzzFeed News member.

ADVERTISEMENT