Meet Alan McIsaac, a recently re-elected Liberal member of the Prince Edward Island Legislature. When the votes were first counted after the May 4 provincial election he was declared the winner by just two votes.
Progressive Conservative candidate Mary Ellen McInnis came in second. Not surprisingly, she asked for a recount. But when they tallied the votes again the race was declared a tie. They each had 1,173 votes.
In P.E.I., the law says a tie must be decided by a coin toss.
As the National Post reported, P.E.I. is the sole province that uses a coin toss to resolve a tie, but it's by no means the only one with a strange process. In the Yukon, they draw lots to see who gets elected. Nova Scotia puts the candidates names in a box, shakes it, and picks a winner. Ontario and New Brunswick allow the returning officer to vote in order to choose the winner.
The most common way to decide a tie in Canadian elections is by holding a by-election. Everyone votes again and they see who wins.